Contact lens fitting and dispensing
Prabha eye care provides complete contact lens fitting and dispensing services.
The Contact lens clinic fits cosmetic contact lenses that correct for nearsightedness, farsightedness. Contact lenses also have therapeutic uses, and contacts for a medical diagnosis are prescribed as well.
At Prabha eye care, the objective of any contact lens fitting is to provide good comfort, good vision, and maintain eye health.
More information about contact lenses
Contact lenses are thin, curved plastic disks designed to cover the cornea, the clear front covering of the eye. Contacts cling to the film of tears over the cornea because of surface tension. Contacts lenses when used with care and proper supervision provide an effective way to correct vision .They form a very good alternative to eye glasses.
Contact lenses are used in the treatment of the following just like a plain old eye glass:
- Myopia (nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (farsightedness)
- Astigmatism (distorted vision)
- Presbyopia (need for bifocals)
Special tinted contacts can be used to change the color of the eyes to various degrees. Contact lenses are sometimes used therapeutically in eye diseases where an uneven cornea blurs vision, such as keratoconus or scarring. The health of the eyes should be of main concern. Contact lens should be used only when prescribed by the eye doctor.
Types of Contact Lenses -
Many types of contact lenses are available. The usage of a particular type of contact lens is prescribed by the eye doctor. The following are the different types available:
- PMMA lenses: Rigid or "hard" contacts were the first lenses; they were developed in the 1960's. They are made of a type of plastic called PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate), which is very durable, but does not allow oxygen in the air to directly reach the cornea. When the eye blinks, the lens moves, which allows the oxygen dissolved in the tears to reach the cornea. Rigid lenses are the least comfortable type of contacts and are not really used anymore. However, some people still prefer them for their durability and lower cost.
- Gas-permeable lenses: These lenses are also known as "RGPs." They are newer rigid or "hard" lenses made of plastics combined with other materials, such as silicone and fluoropolymers, which allow oxygen in the air to pass directly through the lens. For this reason, they are called "gas permeable".
- Soft contact lenses: These lenses are made of plastic materials that incorporate water. The water makes them soft and flexible, as well as allowing oxygen to reach the cornea. Extended wear contact lenses: made of material designed to last 2-4 weeks. Most of the people prefer soft contact lenses due to the flexibility.
- Daily disposable lenses: although generally more expensive, carry a lower infection risk.
- Toric contact lenses: correct moderate astigmatism. They are available in both rigid and soft materials.
Contacts should be removed at bedtime due to risk of infection and risk of contact lens intolerance.
What is the Cost?
Usually the price of contact lens includes that of the lenses only. However it may include the cost of eye examination. In case a treatment not related to an eye condition is required, then the charges may be additional.
What Are the Risks?
PMMA lenses are more likely to scratch the cornea if the lens does not fit properly or if the lens is worn while sleeping. They are also more likely to slide off the cornea and become hidden under the lid. Rigid lenses traditionally had a reputation for "popping out" of the eye. New lens designs have minimized the chance of loosing a contact even during vigorous exercise. Rigid gas-permeable lenses and soft extended-wear contacts are the most likely to have protein build-up and cause lens-related allergies. Protein build-up results in discomfort, blurring and intolerance to the lenses. You will need special cleaning solutions to dissolve the protein.
Daily-wear lenses should never be worn as extended-wear lenses. Misuse can lead to temporary and even permanent damage to the cornea. People who wear any type of lens overnight have a greater chance of developing infections of the cornea. These infections are often due to poor cleaning and lens care. Improper over wearing of contact lenses can result in intolerance, leading to the inability to wear contact lenses.
Rigid gas-permeable or disposable lenses may be good choices for someone with allergies.
Who Should NOT Wear Contact Lenses?
Contact lenses can be worn by people who require vision correction. But some people who have frequent eye infections, allergies, dry eye, and very dusty work environment cannot wear contact lenses due to the inability to handle and care for the lenses properly.
Are Contacts For You?
The requirement of contacts by people varies on:
- Individual needs and expectations.
- Patience and motivation during the initial adjustment period to contact lens wear.
- Adhering to contact lens guidelines for wear, disinfecting and cleaning.
- Diagnosis and treatment of conditions that may prevent contact lens wear.
How Do You Care For Them?
- Contact lenses must be properly cleaned and disinfected when you remove them to kill germs and prevent infections.
- At the time you insert your contact lenses, you should thoroughly rinse the case with warm water and allow it to dry. All contact lens cases need frequent cleaning, including disposable lens cases.
- Do not put your lens in your mouth and then in your eye.
- Do not use homemade cleaning solutions, they have been linked to serious eye infections.
- Do not attempt to sterilize disposable lenses - throw them away.
- Do not mix different brands of solutions.
- Any eye drops, even nonprescription ones, can interact with all types of contact lenses. Use the brand of solution prescribed by our doctor or check with the doctor before changing brands.
Wear Your Lenses Properly
- Wash your hands with soap prior to handling contact lenses or touching your eye.
- Do not share your lenses with someone else.
- Do not take your lenses in and out repeatedly throughout the day.
- Do not use fashion lenses (non-prescription color lenses) unless they are fitted by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist.
- Do not purchase bootleg lenses.
- Wear lenses on the schedule prescribed by your doctor.
- Dispose of your lenses at the interval prescribed by your doctor.
Call your doctor when you notice any of these symptoms
- Your eye is painful,
- Your eye is red for more than two days,
- You have discharge from your eye,
- You have blurry vision,
- Your eye feels scratchy.